Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (SMSC) Development
Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (SMSC) development is the over-arching umbrella
that encompasses personal development across the whole curriculum.
We believe in the entitlement of young people to knowledge, facts and information about issues that affect their lives and wellbeing. We see Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (SMSC) development as important for individual pupils and for society as a whole. We believe it is at the heart of what education is all about - helping pupils grow and develop as people.
At Crabtree Junior School, we understand our statutory duty to encourage pupils’ SMSC development. We recognise that every child has a valuable contribution to make to the life of our school. It is our intention to create good local, national and global citizens, who develop good character, resilience and grit. The spiritual, moral, social and cultural elements of pupils’ development are inter-related. Although we separate these elements for the purpose of identifying where they occur, it should not be forgotten that there is much overlap between them, not least in respect of spirituality and its links to pupils’ attitudes, morals, behaviour in society and cultural understanding.
Values and Ethos
At Crabtree Junior School, we seek to create a cohesive, compassionate community, in which children can develop relationship skills, emotional literacy, health and wellbeing. Crabtree Junior School promotes five values, which are evident in our ethos, expectations, policy and our daily interactions and practice. These are:
At Crabtree Junior School, we recognise the importance of specifically teaching SMSC education to our children and it therefore features in every curriculum area.
Our weekly PSHE lessons using Jigsaw offers opportunities for children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development, and this is clearly mapped and balanced across each year group.
Likewise, Jigsaw is designed to provide structured opportunities in every lesson to practise and enhance the five skills associated with the emotional literacy (self-awareness, social skills, empathy, motivation and managing feelings).
Spiritual development is not the imposition of a religious faith or to religion in general. However, spiritual development may lead to the acceptance of a faith or it may not. The development of an individual’s own personal spirituality is a journey or a quest which seeks to know, develop and understand one’s own inner- self.
At Crabtree Junior, we will encourage children’s spiritual development by:
- giving children the opportunity to explore values and beliefs, including religious beliefs, and the way in which they impact on peoples’ lives;
- encouraging children to explore and develop what animates themselves and others;
- giving children the opportunity to understand human feelings and emotions, the way they impact on people and how an understanding of them can be helpful;
- developing a climate or ethos within which all children can grow and flourish, enjoying individual liberty and mutual respect;
- accommodating difference and respecting the integrity of individuals, including tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs;
- promoting learning opportunities which value children’s questions, encourage deeper questions and give them space for their own thoughts, ideas and concerns;
At Crabtree Junior School, we aim to enable pupils to build a framework of moral values which regulates their personal behaviour. We also help them to understand the expectations of society’s shared and agreed values, including democracy, justice and the rule of law and how these change over time. We recognise the need to help our pupils to balance their right to an opinion and to freedom of speech, with their respect and tolerance of others’ values and beliefs.
At Crabtree Junior, we will encourage children’s moral development by:
- providing opportunities for reflection and the development of their own opinions;
- helping them to recognise and resolve the moral issues and dilemmas implicit in a given context;
- enabling them to make and act upon informed choices, taking right and wrong into account;
- understanding that there are issues where there is disagreement or conflict and respecting others’ views;
- encouraging them to take pride in themselves and their work;
- developing the personal skills and qualities necessary to manage situations, such as being able to:
- make decisions;
- reflect on and change personal behaviour;
- resist peer pressure;
- show respect and compassion for themselves, others and the environment;
- challenge behaviour which does not reflect this code, such as dishonesty, injustice, discrimination and the misuse of power;
- abide by “fair play”, being good winners and losers, in games, rules and
At Crabtree Junior School, we attempt to develop in our children a growing understanding of the part that they play within the school community and wider society, both now and in the future. Through their social development, we encourage children to relate positively to others, participate fully in the community and develop an understanding of good citizenship.
At Crabtree Junior, we will encourage children’s social development by:
- developing an understanding and respect of others, their opinions, beliefs and customs;
- developing an understanding of society’s institutions, structures and characteristics, including democracy and the rule of
- encouraging them to have a sense of pride in their community;
- nurturing the development of the inter-personal skills necessary for successful
- helping them to use restorative approaches with their peers increasingly independently;
- encouraging them to think about the impact of their own and others’ actions on others;
- developing good teamwork skills through opportunities to co-operate and share;
- expecting good manners and courteous behaviour;
- providing opportunities for children to develop self-confidence;
- providing opportunities for the development of interpersonal
Cultural development at Crabtree Junior is about children understanding and appreciating their own culture and other cultures in their community, Britain and throughout the world. It is an exploration of how we are the same and how we are different; how we came to be the way we are and how we are changing. Cultural development at our school is key to developing community cohesion and pride as well as curiosity and wonder at the world. Promoting pupils’ cultural development is intimately linked with our schools’ attempts to value cultural diversity and prevent racism.
At Crabtree Junior, we will encourage children’s cultural development by:
- helping children to understand and feel comfortable in a variety of cultures and be able to operate in the emerging world culture of shared experiences provided by television, travel and the internet;
- helping children to understand that cultures are always evolving and coping with change;
- providing pupils with the knowledge of and appreciation of the key features of their own cultural traditions and practices and of other major cultural groups within their own community and the wider world;
- developing an understanding of, as well as celebrating and embracing, the diversity of cultural, spiritual, social and moral traditions and practices within their community and the wider world;
- developing the knowledge, skills, understanding, qualities and attitudes they need to understand, appreciate and contribute to culture in the form of music, art, drama, literature and faith;
- providing opportunities to nurture the cultural development of our children in all creative areas across the curriculum;
- encouraging a personal response to a range of cultural activities;
- exposing children to a wealth of stimuli from their own culture and those of others, taught through the whole curriculum with visits and visitors to support this teaching;
- encouraging participation in and appreciation of the wealth of cultural traditions and the beliefs associated with different communities.